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1997 SURVEY OF DOCTORATE RECIPIENTS


Conducted by the National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL, for The National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA

This information is solicited under the authority of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended. All information you provide will be treated as confidential and used only for research or statistical purposes by the survey sponsors, their contractors, and collaborating researchers for the purpose of analyzing data and preparing scientific reports and articles. Any information publicly released (such as statistical summaries) will be in a form that does not personally identify you. Your response is voluntary and failure to provide some or all of the requested information will not in any way adversely affect you. Actual time to complete the questionnaire may vary depending on your circumstances. On the average, it will take about 25 minutes to complete the questionnaire. If you have any comments on the time required for this survey, please send them to Herman Fleming, Division of Contracts, Policy and Oversight, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22230. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. The OMB number for this project is 3145-0020.

OMB NO: 3145-0020
APPROVAL EXPIRES: 4/30/99
FORM SDR-1 (4-18-97)
Note: The format of this survey instrument has been altered slightly to reduced download time.

INSTRUCTIONS
Thank you for taking the time to complete this questionnaire. Directions for filling it out are provided with each question. Because not all questions will apply to everyone, you may be asked to skip certain questions.

  • In order to get comparable data, we will be asking you to refer to the week of April 15, 1997 (e.g., April 13-19, 1997) when answering most questions
  • Follow all "SKIP" instructions AFTER marking a box. If no "SKIP" instruction is provided, you should continue to the NEXT question
  • Either a pen or pencil may be used
  • When answering questions that require marking a box, please use an "X"
  • If you need to change an answer, please make sure that your old answer is either completely erased or clearly crossed out
Thanks again for your help, we really appreciate it.

PART A - Employment Status During the Week of April 13-19, 1997

A1.
Were you working for pay (or profit) during the week of April 15, 1997? This includes a postdoctoral appointment, being self-employed or temporarily absent from a job (e.g., illness, vacation or parental leave), even if unpaid.
1 [ ] Yes (SKIP to A7, page 2)
2 [ ] No

A2.
(IF NO) Did you look for work at any time during the four weeks preceding April 15, 1997 (that is, any time between March 19 and April 15, 1997)?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No

A3.
What were your reasons for not working during the week of April 15?
Mark (X) all that apply
1 [ ] Retired, Year Retired: 19 |___|___|
2 [ ] On layoff from a job
3 [ ] Student
4 [ ] Family responsibilities
5 [ ] Chronic illness or permanent disability
6 [ ] Suitable job not available
7 [ ] Did not need or want to work
8 [ ] Other - Specify: ___________________________________________

A4.
Prior to the week of April 15, 1997, when did you last work for pay (or profit)?
IF NEVER WORKED FOR PAY (OR PROFIT), MARK (X) IN THIS BOX 0 [ ] AND SKIP TO PART D, PAGE 13
LAST WORKED
Month: |___|___| Year: 19 |___|___|

A5.
What kind of work were you doing on this last job--that is, what was your occupation? Please be as specific as possible, including any area of specialization.
Example: College professor - Electrical engineering
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________

A6.
Using the JOB CATEGORIES LIST (pages 20-21), choose the code that BEST describes the work you were doing on this last job.
CODE |__|__|__| SKIP to A53, page 9
NOTE – Job codes range from 010 to 500

A7.
(IF WORKED DURING WEEK OF APRIL 15TH) Counting all jobs held during the week of April 15, 1997, did you USUALLY work…
1 [ ] A total of 35 or more hours per week (SKIP to A10)
2 [ ] Fewer than 35 hours per week

A8.
(IF FEWER THAN 35 HOURS) During the week of April 15, did you want to work a full-time work week of 35 or more hours?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No

A9.
What were your reasons for working a part-time work week (i.e., less than 35 hours) during the week of April 15?
Mark (X) all that apply
1 [ ] Retired or semi-retired, Year: 19 |___|___| (SKIP to A11)
2 [ ] Student (SKIP to A11)
3 [ ] Family responsibilities (SKIP to A11)
4 [ ] Chronic illness or permanent disability (SKIP to A11)
5 [ ] Suitable full-time work week job not available (SKIP to A11)
6 [ ] Did not need or want to work full-time (SKIP to A11)
7 [ ] Other - Specify:___________________________ (SKIP to A11)

A10.
(IF 35 OR MORE HOURS) Although you were working during the week of April 15, had you previously RETIRED from any position?
Examples of retirement include mandatory retirement, early retirement, or voluntary retirement
1 [ ] Yes, Year Retired: 19___ ___
2 [ ] No

The next several questions ask about your principal employer during the week of April 15, 1997.

A11.
Who was your principal employer during the week of April 15, 1997?
IF MORE THAN ONE JOB: Record employer for whom you worked the most hours that week
IF EMPLOYER HAD MORE THAN ONE LOCATION: Record location where you usually worked
Employer Name: ______________________________________
City/Town: __________________________________________
State/Foreign Country: _________________________________
ZIP Code: ___________________________________________

A12.
Thinking about your employer’s main business (i.e., what your employer makes or does), under which of these categories does your employer’s main business BEST fit?
IF PRINCIPAL EMPLOYER HAS MORE THAN ONE TYPE OF BUSINESS: Please answer for the type of business primarily performed at the location where you work
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Agriculture, forestry, or fishing
2 [ ] Biotechnology
3 [ ] Construction or mining
4 [ ] Education
5 [ ] Finance, insurance or real estate services
6 [ ] Health services
7 [ ] Information technology or computer services
8 [ ] All other services (e.g., social, legal, business)
9 [ ] Manufacturing
10 [ ] Public administration/government
11 [ ] Research – Specify: _______________________________
12 [ ] Transportation services, utilities or communications
13 [ ] Wholesale or retail trade
14 [ ] Other: ____________________________________

A13.
Counting all locations where this employer operates, how many people work for your principal employer? Your best estimate is fine.
Mark (X) one
1 [ ] Under 10 employees
2 [ ] 10-24 employees
3 [ ] 25-99 employees
4 [ ] 100-499 employees
5 [ ] 500-999 employees
6 [ ] 1,000-4,999 employees
7 [ ] 5,000+ employees

A14.
Did your principal employer come into being as a new business within the past 5 years?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No

A15.
Was your principal employer during the week of April 15 . . .
IF EMPLOYER WAS A SCHOOL: Mark (X) the type of organizational charter (e.g., mark "State government" for state schools, most private schools are "private not-for-profit")
Mark (X) one
1 [ ] A PRIVATE FOR-PROFIT company, business or individual, working for wages, salary or commissions
2 [ ] A PRIVATE NOT-FOR-PROFIT, tax exempt, or charitable organization
3 [ ] SELF-EMPLOYED in own NOT INCORPORATED business, professional practice, or farm
4 [ ] SELF-EMPLOYED in own INCORPORATED business, professional practice, or farm
5 [ ] Local GOVERNMENT (city, county, etc.)
6 [ ] State GOVERNMENT
7 [ ] U.S. military service, active duty or Commissioned Corps (e.g., USPHS, NOAA)
8 [ ] U.S. GOVERNMENT (civilian employee)
9 [ ] Other - Specify: ______________________________

A16.
Was your principal employer an educational institution?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to A20, page 4)

A17.
(IF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION) Was this educational institution . . .
Mark (X) one
1 [ ] A preschool, elementary, or middle school or system (SKIP to A20, page 4)
2 [ ] A secondary school or system (SKIP to A20, page 4)
3 [ ] A 2-year college, junior college, or technical institute
4 [ ] A 4-year college or university, other than a medical school
5 [ ] A medical school (including university-affiliated hospital or medical center)
6 [ ] A university-affiliated research institute
7 [ ] Other - Specify: _______________________________________

A18.
What was your faculty rank?
Mark (X) one
1 [ ] Not applicable at this institution
2 [ ] Not applicable for my position
3 [ ] Professor
4 [ ] Associate Professor
5 [ ] Assistant Professor
6 [ ] Instructor
7 [ ] Lecturer
8 [ ] Adjunct Faculty
9 [ ] Other - Specify: _______________________________________

A19.
What was your tenure status?
Mark (X) one
1 [ ] Not applicable: no tenure system at this institution
2 [ ] Not applicable: no tenure system for my position
3 [ ] Tenured
4 [ ] On tenure track but not tenured
5 [ ] Not on tenure track

The next several questions ask about some alternative or temporary working relationships that people may have with their employers.

A20.
Did any of the following apply to your relationship with your principal employer during the week of April 15, 1997?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Self-employed working as an independent contractor, independent consultant, free lance worker or otherwise self-employed
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Your principal employer contracted out your services to other organizations (not including temporary help or employment agencies)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Working through a temporary help or employment agency
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Working on an "as needed", "seasonal" or short term basis
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Job sharing
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. Working from home for 50 percent or more of your work time
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Something else – Specify: _____________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

A21.
Did you answer "yes" to any of the categories above?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to A24, page 5)

A22.
(IF YES) What were your reasons for having an alternative or temporary work arrangement during the week of April 15?
For this study, being self-employed is considered an alternative working relationship
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Schedule flexibility
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Only type of work you could find
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Gain experience that may lead to a permanent job
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Better pay
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Family-related reasons (e.g., children, spouse’s job moved)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. In school or some type of training program
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Enjoy being your own boss
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

8. Employer changed your status to temporary
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

9. Other reason – Specify: ___________________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

A23.
Which factors in A22 represent your two main reasons for holding alternative or temporary employment or being self-employed?
Enter the number of the appropriate reason from A22 above
1. _____ First reason
2. _____ Second reason (Enter “0” if no second reason)

A24.
If you could have any type of working relationship you wanted, would your first choice be…
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] A permanent job (either full-time or part-time), that is a job with no set end date
2 [ ] Being self-employed
3 [ ] Some other type of working relationship – Specify: _______________________

A25.
Concerning your principal job during the week of April 15, were any of the following benefits available to you, even if you chose not to take them?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Health insurance that was at least partially paid by your employer?
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. A pension plan or a retirement plan to which your employer contributed?
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. A profit-sharing plan?
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Paid vacation, sick or personal days?
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

The next set of questions asks about your work on your principal job during the week of April 15, 1997.

A26.
What kind of work were you doing on your principal job held during the week of April 15, 1997--that is, what was your occupation?
Please be as specific as possible, including any area of specialization
EXAMPLE: College professor - Electrical engineering
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________

A27.
Using the JOB CODES LIST (pages 20-21), choose the code that BEST describes the work you were doing on your principal job during the week of April 15.
CODE ___ ___ ___
NOTE – Job codes range from 010 to 500

A28.
Did you record job code "141" (manager, executive, or administrator) in A27?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to A30, page 6)

A29.
(IF YES) Did your duties on this job require the technical expertise of a bachelor's degree or higher in . . .
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Engineering, computer science, math, or the natural sciences
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. The social sciences
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Some other field (e.g., health or business) – Specify: __________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

A30.
Was this job a "postdoc?"
A "postdoc" is a temporary position awarded in academe, industry, or government primarily for gaining additional education and training in research
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to A33)

A31.
What were your reasons for taking this postdoc?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Additional training in PhD field
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Training in an area outside of PhD field
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Work with a specific person or place
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Other employment not available
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Postdoc generally expected for career in this field
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. Some other reason – Specify: __________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

A32.
What were your two MOST important reasons for taking this postdoc? Enter number of appropriate reason from A31
1. _____ MOST important reason
2. _____ SECOND MOST important reason (Enter “0” if no second reason)

A33.
During what month and year did you start this job, (that is, your principal job held during the week of April 15, 1997)?
JOB STARTED
Month: ___ ___ Year 19 ___ ___

A34.
As of the week of April 15, were you licensed or certified in your occupation? Do NOT include academic degrees (e.g., BA, MA, PhD)
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No

A35.
Thinking about the relationship between your work and your education, to what extent was your work on your principal job held during the week of April 15 related to your (first U.S.) doctoral degree? Was it . . .
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Closely related (SKIP to A38, page 7)
2 [ ] Somewhat related (SKIP to A38, page 7)
3 [ ] Not related

A36.
(IF NOT RELATED) Did these factors influence your decision to work in an area OUTSIDE THE FIELD OF YOUR (FIRST U.S.) DOCTORAL DEGREE?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Pay, promotion opportunities
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Working conditions (e.g., hours, equipment, working environment)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Job location
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Change in career or professional interests
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Family-related reasons (e.g., children, spouse's job moved)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. Job in highest degree field not available
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Other reason – Specify: _________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

A37.
Which TWO factors in A36 represent your MOST important reasons for working in an area outside the field of your (first U.S.) doctoral degree?
Enter number of appropriate reason from A36 above
1. _____ MOST important reason
2. _____ SECOND MOST important reason (Enter “0” if no second most)

A38.
The next question is about your work activities on your principal job. Which of the following work activities occupied 10 percent or more of your time during a TYPICAL work week on this job?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Accounting, finance, contracts
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Applied research - study directed toward gaining scientific knowledge to meet a recognized need
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Basic research - study directed toward gaining scientific knowledge primarily for its own sake
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Computer applications, programming, systems development
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Development - using knowledge gained from research for the production of materials, devices
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. Design of equipment, processes, structures, models
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Employee relations – including recruiting, personnel development, training
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

8. Managing and supervising
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

9. Production, operations, maintenance (e.g., truck driving, machine tooling, auto/machine repairing)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

10. Professional services (e.g., health care, counseling, financial services, legal services)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

11. Sales, purchasing, marketing, customer service, public relations
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

12. Quality or productivity management
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

13. Teaching
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

14. Other – Specify: _______________________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

A39.
On which TWO activities in A38, did you work the MOST hours during a typical week on this job?
Enter number of appropriate activity from A38 above
1. _____ Activity MOST hours
2. _____ Activity SECOND MOST hours (Enter “0” if no second most)

A40.
Thinking back to when you completed your highest degree, would you say your work during a TYPICAL week on this principal job is…
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Very similar to what you expected to be doing
2 [ ] Somewhat similar to what you expected to be doing
3 [ ] Not very similar to what you expected to be doing

A41.
Did you supervise the work of others as part of your principal job held during the week of April 15?
MARK “YES”: If you assigned duties to workers AND recommended or initiated personnel actions such as hiring, firing or promoting
TEACHERS: Do NOT count students
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to A43, page 8)

A42.
(IF YES) How many people did you typically . . .
IF NONE: Enter "0"
1. Supervise DIRECTLY? _____ (Number Supervised)
2. Supervise through subordinate supervisors? (Number Supervised)

A43.
Before deductions, what was your basic ANNUAL salary on this job as of the week of April 15, 1997? (Do NOT include bonuses, overtime, or additional compensation for summertime teaching or research)
IF NOT SALARIED: Please estimate your earned income, excluding business expenses
$_______________________________.00
Basic Annual Salary/Earned Income

A44.
During a typical week on this job, how many hours did you usually work?
NUMBER OF HOURS PER WEEK _____

A45.
Including paid vacation and paid sick leave, upon how many weeks per year was your salary based?
NUMBER OF WEEKS PER YEAR _____

A46.
During the week of April 15, 1997, was any of your work on this job supported by CONTRACTS OR GRANTS from the U.S. government?
FEDERAL EMPLOYEES: Please answer "No"
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Yes (GO to A47)
2 [ ] No (SKIP to A48)
3 [ ] Don't Know (SKIP to A48)

A47.
(IF YES) Which Federal agencies or departments were supporting your work?
Mark (X) all that apply
1 [ ] Agency for International Development (AID)
2 [ ] Agriculture Department
3 [ ] Commerce Department
4 [ ] Defense Department (DOD)
5 [ ] Department of Education (include NCES, OERI, FIPSE, FIRST)
6 [ ] Energy Department (DOE)
7 [ ] Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
8 [ ] Health and Human Services Department (Excluding NIH)
9 [ ] Interior Department
10 [ ] National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
11 [ ] National Institutes of Health (NIH)
12 [ ] National Science Foundation (NSF)
13 [ ] Transportation Department (DOT)
14 [ ] Other – Specify: _________________________
15 [ ] DON'T KNOW SOURCE AGENCY

A48.
How would you rate your overall satisfaction with your principal job during the week of April 15th?
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Very satisfied
2 [ ] Somewhat satisfied
3 [ ] Somewhat dissatisfied
4 [ ] Very dissatisfied

A49.
During the week of April 15, 1997, were you working for pay (or profit) at a second job (or business), including part-time, evening, or weekend work?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to A53)

A50.
(IF YES) What kind of work were you doing at your second job during the week of April15--that is, what was your occupation? Please be as specific as possible, including any area of specialization
IF YOU HAD MORE THAN TWO JOBS THAT WEEK: Answer for the job where you worked the second most hours
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

A51.
Using the JOB CODES LIST (pages 20-21) choose the code that BEST describes the work you were doing on your second job during the week of April 15.
CODE ___ ___ ___
NOTE - Job codes range from 010 to 500

A52.
To what extent was your work on this second job related to your (first U.S.) doctoral degree? Was it . . .
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Closely related
2 [ ] Somewhat related
3 [ ] Not related

The next few questions ask about your work for pay (or profit) in 1996.

A53.
Turning to 1996, including paid vacation and paid sick leave, how many weeks did you work in 1996?
0 [ ] MARK (X) THIS BOX IF NONE AND SKIP TO A56
NUMBER OF WEEKS WORKED _____

A54.
During the weeks you worked in 1996, how many hours a week did you usually work?
NUMBER OF HOURS WORKED _____

A55.
Counting all jobs held in 1996, what was your TOTAL EARNED income for 1996, BEFORE deductions? Include all wages, salaries, bonuses, overtime, commissions, consulting fees, net income from businesses, summertime teaching or research, postdoctoral appointment, or other work associated with scholarships
TOTAL 1996 EARNED INCOME $__________________________.00
0 [ ] MARK (X) THIS BOX IF YOU HAD NO EARNED INCOME IN 1996

A56.
What was your total HOUSEHOLD income before deductions for 1996? In addition to any income listed in A55, please include income from such sources as dividends, interest, social security, pensions, and income earned from your spouse.
TOTAL 1996 HOUSEHOLD INCOME $_______________________.00
0 [ ] MARK (X) THIS BOX IF YOU HAD NO HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN 1996

PART B - Past Employment

The next few questions will help us better understand employment changes over time.

B1.
Were you working for pay (or profit) during BOTH of these time periods--the week of April 15, 1995, AND the week of April 15, 1997?
IF YOU WERE A STUDENT: Do NOT count financial aid awards with no work requirement
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to C1)

B2.
(IF YES) During these two time periods--the week of April 15, 1995, and the week of April 15, 1997--were you working for . . .
Mark (X) one
1 [ ] Same employer AND same job (SKIP to C1)
2 [ ] Same employer BUT different job
3 [ ] Different employer BUT same job
4 [ ] Different employer AND different job

B3.
(IF DIFFERENT) Why did you change your employer or your job?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Pay, promotion opportunities
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Working conditions (hours, equipment, working environment)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Job location
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Change in career or professional interests
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Family-related reasons (e.g., children, spouse's job moved)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. School-related reasons (e.g., returned to school, completed a degree)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Laid off or job terminated (includes company closings, mergers, buyouts or grant or contract ended)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

8. Retired
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

9. Other - Specify: __________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

PART C - Other Work and Career Related

C1.
How concerned are you that you might lose your job in the next 12 months?
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Very concerned
2 [ ] Somewhat concerned
3 [ ] Not very concerned

C2.
How concerned are you that someone in your household, other than you, might lose their job in the next 12 months?
0 [ ] MARK (X) THIS BOX IF NO OTHER WORKING ADULT IN HOUSEHOLD AND GO TO C3

Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Very concerned
2 [ ] Somewhat concerned
3 [ ] Not very concerned

C3.
Have you ever been offered a buy-out or what is often called “early retirement”--that is, a cash settlement to induce employees to voluntarily give up a job?
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Yes, and accepted the offer
2 [ ] Yes, but did not accept the offer
3 [ ] No

C4.
Since completing your (first) bachelor's degree, have you ever lost or left a job because your employer closed, moved or underwent restructuring, downsizing or major layoffs?
MARK "YES": If a partnership or self-employed business closed for economic reasons
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to C9)

C5.
(IF LOST OR LEFT JOB) For which of the following reasons did you lose or leave that job (or jobs)?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Your self-operated business ended
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Your company or the facility or agency where you worked closed down
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Your company or the facility or agency where you worked moved to another location
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. The work or services of your company or the facility or agency where you worked was reorganized or restructured
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Your company or the facility or agency where you worked was taken over by another organization
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. Your company or the facility or agency where you worked had insufficient business, revenue or work
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Some other reason – Specify: ________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

C6.
In what year did you lose or leave that job—if more than one, please answer for the most recent occurrence.
Year: 19 ___ ___

C7.
From the time you actively began your search, about how many months did it take to find a new job? Answer for most recent occurrence
0 [ ] MARK (X) THIS BOX IF YOU HAVE NOT FOUND ANOTHER JOB AND SKIP TO C9
NUMBER OF MONTHS _____ (Enter “0” if less than one month)

C8.
Compared to the job you had, did your new job offer you significantly more, about the same, or significantly less in terms of:
a. Salary
1 [ ] Significantly More 2 [ ] About the Same 3 [ ] Significantly Less

b. Level of responsibility
1 [ ] Significantly More 2 [ ] About the Same 3 [ ] Significantly Less

c. Utilizing your knowledge or skills
1 [ ] Significantly More 2 [ ] About the Same 3 [ ] Significantly Less

C9.
If you had the chance to do it over again, knowing what you do now, how likely is it that you would choose the same field of study for your highest degree?
1 [ ] Very likely
2 [ ] Somewhat likely
3 [ ] Not at all likely

C10.
During the past year, did you attend any professional society or association meetings or professional conferences? Include regional, national, or international meetings
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No

C11.
To how many national or international professional societies or associations do you currently belong?
Number _____ OR 0 [ ] NONE

C12.
During the past year, did you attend any WORK-RELATED workshops, seminars, or other work-related training activities? Do NOT include college courses - these will be discussed in PART D, page 13
Do NOT include professional meetings unless you attended a special training session conducted at the meeting/conference
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to D1, page 13)

C13.
(IF YES) During the past year, in which of the following areas did you attend work-related workshops, seminars, or other work-related training activities? In those areas marked "yes," please answer the follow-up questions.
For Any Training Marked "Yes": Answer A-C
1. Management or supervisor training 1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No
a. Record Total Number of Days in Training _____
b. Did you pay for any of this training yourself? 1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No
c. Number of Training Days You Paid For _____

2. Training in your occupational field 1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No
a. Record Total Number of Days in Training _____
b. Did you pay for any of this training yourself? 1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No
c. Number of Training Days You Paid For _____

3. General professional training (e.g., public speaking, business writing) 1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No
a. Record Total Number of Days in Training _____
b. Did you pay for any of this training yourself? 1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No
c. Number of Training Days You Paid For _____

C14.
For which of the following reasons did you attend training activities during the past year?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. To facilitate a change in your occupational field
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. To gain FURTHER skills or knowledge in your occupational field
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. For licensure/certification
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. To increase opportunities for promotion/advancement/higher salary
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. To learn skills or knowledge needed for a recently acquired position
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. Required or expected by employer
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Other – Specify: _________________________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

C15.
What was your most important reason for attending training activities?
Enter number of appropriate reason from C14 above
MOST IMPORTANT REASON FROM C14 _____

PART D - Background Information

D1.
Between April 1995 and April 1997, did you take any college or university courses or enroll in a college or university for other reasons, such as completing a Master's or PhD?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to E1, page 14)

D2.
(IF YES) In which college or university department were you primarily taking classes or doing research, etc. (e.g., English, chemistry)?
DEPARTMENT: _______________________________________________

D3.
During that time, toward what degree or certificate, if any, were you (or are you) working?
0 [ ] MARK (X) THIS BOX IF NO SPECIFIC DEGREE OR CERTIFICATE AND SKIP TO D7, PAGE 14

IF MORE THAN ONE APPLIES: Mark the highest level
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Bachelor's degree
2 [ ] Post baccalaureate certificate
3 [ ] Master's degree (including MBA)
4 [ ] Post master's certificate
5 [ ] Doctorate (e.g., Ph.D., D.S.C, D.Sc., Ed.D.)
6 [ ] Other professional degree (e.g., JD, LLB, ThD, MD, DDS) – Specify: _________________
7 [ ] Other – Specify: ____________________________

D4.
Between April 1995 and April 1997, did you complete a degree or certificate?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to D7, page 14)

D4a.
(IF YES) What degree or certificate did you receive? From D3 enter the number of appropriate TYPE OF DEGREE/CERTIFICATE received
TYPE OF DEGREE/CERTIFICATE FROM D3 _____

D5.
(IF YES) In what month and year was this degree or certificate awarded?
IF YOU COMPLETED MORE THAN ONE: Enter the date for the highest degree or certificate awarded
Month |___|___| Year 19 |___|___|

D6.
From which academic institution did you receive this degree or certificate?
School name: _____________________________________
City/Town: _______________________________________
State/Foreign country: ______________________________

D7.
What was your primary field of study during that time?
Primary Field of Study: ________________________________

D8.
For which of the following reasons were you taking classes or enrolled between April 1995 and April 1997?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. To gain further education before beginning a career
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. To prepare for graduate school
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. To change your academic or occupational field
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. To gain FURTHER skills or knowledge in your academic or occupational field
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. For licensure/certification
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. To increase opportunities for promotion/advancement/higher salary
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Required or expected by employer
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

8. For leisure/personal interest
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

9. Other - Specify: __________________________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

D9.
Were ANY of your school-related costs for taking college or university courses during this time paid for by an employer?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No

PART E - Recent Doctorate Recipients

E1.
Did you receive your (first U.S.) doctoral degree any time between June 1990 and June 1996?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No (SKIP to F1, page 18)

The next questions are about the initial career experiences of recent doctorate recipients. The degree we are referring to is the first U.S. doctorate.

E2.
Thinking back to when you began your doctoral program, what kind of work did you want to do after completing your doctorate?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Teaching
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Research
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Management/administration
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Professional practice
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Other – Specify: _________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

E3.
When you began your doctoral program, in what type of employment setting did you MOST want to work upon completing your doctorate?
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] College or university
2 [ ] Business or industry
3 [ ] Government
4 [ ] Nonprofit organization
5 [ ] Self-employed
6 [ ] Elementary or secondary school
7 [ ] Other – Specify: ______________________________

E4.
How did you think a doctoral degree would help your career? Did you think if would help you…
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Begin your first career
2 [ ] Further a career you had already started
3 [ ] Change careers
4 [ ] (Help) in ways not related to your career

E5.
At the time you completed your doctorate, among those with your training and experience, would you say the . .
a. Job market for postdocs was . . . .
1 [ ] Excellent
2 [ ] Good
3 [ ] Fair
4 [ ] Very poor
5 [ ] Don't know or not applicable
b. Job market for positions other than postdocs was . . .
1 [ ] Excellent
2 [ ] Good
3 [ ] Fair
4 [ ] Very poor
5 [ ] Don't know or not applicable

E6.
Between completing your doctorate and the week of April 15, have you held or accepted what you consider to be a "career path" job?
A "career path" job is a job that will help you in your future career plans or a job in the field in which you want to make your career
1 [ ] Yes, held a career path job (SKIP to E8)
2 [ ] Yes, accepted but not begun (SKIP to E9)
3 [ ] No, neither held nor accepted

E7.
Since completing your doctorate and the week of April 15, have you sought a "career path" job?
1 [ ] Yes (SKIP to E9)
2 [ ] No (SKIP to E18, page 17)

E8.
When did you begin working on that job? Was it…
1 [ ] Prior to working on your doctorate (SKIP to E13, page 16)
2 [ ] While you were working on your doctorate (SKIP to E13, page 16)
3 [ ] After completing your doctorate

E9.
To what extent, if at all, has or was your search for a career path job limited by . . .
Mark (X) ONLY one for each item
1. Family responsibilities
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All 4 [ ] Not Applicable

2. Spouse’s career or employment
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All 4 [ ] Not Applicable

3. Debt burden from undergraduate or graduate degrees
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All 4 [ ] Not Applicable

4. Desire to not relocate or move to place of job
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All 4 [ ] Not Applicable

5. Suitable job not available
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All 4 [ ] Not Applicable

6. Other – Specify: ____________________________
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All 4 [ ] Not Applicable

E10.
Which of the following resources did you use after seeking or finding your first career path job after receiving your doctorate?
If you have not yet obtained a career path job, please indicate the sources used in your job search
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Faculty or advisors
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Professional recruiters such as "head hunters"
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. College or department placement office
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Professional meetings
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Electronic postings
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. Newspapers
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Professional journals
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

8. Informal channels through colleagues or friends
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

9. Direct contacts you initiated with company (e.g., sent unsolicited vita)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

10. Other – Specify: ________________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

E11.
Which TWO resources in E10 were most responsible for finding your first career path job? Enter number of appropriate resource from E10 above
0 [ ] MARK (X) THIS BOX IF YOU HAVE NOT HELD OR ACCEPTED A CAREER PATH JOB SINCE RECEIVING YOUR DOCTORATE AND SKIP TO E18, PAGE 17
1. _____ MOST important resource
2. _____ SECOND MOST important resource (Enter "0" if no second resource)

E12.
How many months elapsed between the time you completed your doctorate and the time you accepted your first career path job?
IF YOUR CAREER PATH JOB BEGAN WHILE YOU WERE COMPLETING OR WITHIN ONE MONTH OF RECEIVING YOUR DOCTORAL DEGREE: ENTER "0"
NUMBER OF MONTHS _____ (SKIP to E14)

E13.
How did completing your doctoral degree affect the following aspects of that job you held?
Mark (X) ONLY one for each item
1. Salary level
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All

2. Level of responsibility
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All

3. Job security
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All

4. Degree of interesting or rewarding work
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All

5. Degree of technically demanding work
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All

6. Management activities expected
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All

7. Other – Specify: ____________________
1 [ ] A Great Deal 2 [ ] Somewhat 3 [ ] Not Much or Not At All

E14.
Were you still holding this first career path job during the week of April 15, 1997?
1 [ ] Yes (SKIP to E18, page 17)
2 [ ] No, changed jobs (GO to E15, page 17)
3 [ ] No, not employed during the week of April 15 (GO to E15, page 17)

E15.
Thinking about the relationship between your work and your education, to what extent was your work on your first career path job related to your doctoral degree field?
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Closely related (SKIP to E18)
2 [ ] Somewhat related (SKIP to E18)
3 [ ] Not related

E16.
(IF NOT RELATED) Did any of these factors influence your decision to work in an area outside your doctoral degree field?
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Pay or promotion opportunities
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. Working conditions (e.g., hours, equipment, working environment)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Job location
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

4. Change in career or professional interests
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

5. Family-related reasons (e.g., children, spouse’s job moved)
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

6. Job in doctoral field not available
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

7. Other reasons – Specify: ___________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

E17.
Which TWO factors in E16 represent your MOST important reasons for working in an area outside your doctoral degree field? Enter number of appropriate factor from E16 above
1. _____ MOST important reason
2. _____ SECOND MOST important reason (Enter "0" if no second reason)

E18.
In terms of preparing you for a career, how adequate was your doctoral program or training in each of the following areas?
Mark (X) ONLY one for each
1. General problem solving skills
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

2. Subject matter knowledge
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

3. Oral communication skills
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

4. Teaching skills
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

5. Collaboration and team work skills
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

6. Quantitative skills
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

7. Writing skills
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

8. Computer skills
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

9. Research integrity/ethics
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

10. Establishing contacts with colleagues in field
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

11. Management or administrative skills
1 [ ] Very Adequate 2 [ ] Somewhat Adequate 3 [ ] Not Adequate 4 [ ] Not Applicable

E19.
In which TWO areas in E18 would you have liked to have had more training or emphasis in your doctoral program?
0 [ ] MARK (X) THIS BOX IF NONE (NO ADDITIONAL TRAINING OR EMPHASIS DESIRED)
1. _____ FIRST area
2. _____ SECOND area (Enter "0" if no second area)

E20.
Overall, how satisfied are you with the doctoral program you completed?
Mark (X) ONLY one
1 [ ] Very satisfied
2 [ ] Somewhat satisfied
3 [ ] Somewhat dissatisfied
4 [ ] Very dissatisfied

PART F – Demographic Information

F1.
As of the week of April 15 were you…
Mark (X) one
1 [ ] Married
2 [ ] Widowed (SKIP to F4)
3 [ ] Separated (SKIP to F4)
4 [ ] Divorced (SKIP to F4)
5 [ ] Never Married (SKIP to F4)

D11.
(IF MARRIED) During the week of April 15, was your spouse working for pay (or profit) at a full-time or part-time job?
1 [ ] Yes, full-time
2 [ ] Yes, part-time
3 [ ] No (SKIP to F4)

F3.
(IF YES) Did your spouse's duties on this job require the technical expertise of a bachelor's degree or higher in . . .
Mark (X) Yes or No for each
1. Engineering, computer science, math or the natural sciences,
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

2. The social sciences,
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

3. Some other field (e.g., health or business) - Specify: ____________________________
1 [ ] Yes 2 [ ] No

F4.
During the week of April 15, did you have any children living with you as part of your family?
Only count children who lived with you at least 50 percent of the time
1 [ ] Yes (GO to F5)
2 [ ] No (SKIP to F6)

F5.
(IF YES) How many of these children living with you as part of your family were…
IF NO CHILDREN IN A CATEGORY, enter "0"
1. _____ Under age 2
2. _____ Aged 2-5
3. _____ Aged 6-11
4. _____ Aged 12-17
5. _____ Aged 18 or older

F6.
During the week of April 15, 1997, were you living in the United States or one of its territories, or were you living in another country?
1 [ ] United States or one of its territories
2 [ ] Another country

F7.
As of the week of April 15, 1997 were you a . . .
Mark (X) ONLY one
U.S. Citizen
1 [ ] Native Born (SKIP to F9)
2 [ ] Naturalized (SKIP to F9)

Non-U.S. Citizen
3 [ ] With a Permanent U.S. Resident Visa
4 [ ] With a Temporary U.S. Resident Visa
5 [ ] Living outside the United States

F8.
(IF NON-U.S. CITIZEN) Of which country are you a citizen?
COUNTRY: ______________________________

F9.
What is your birthdate?
Month: |___|___| Day: |___|___| Year: 19 |___|___|

The next question is designed to help us better understand the career paths of individuals with different physical abilities.

F10.
What is the USUAL degree of difficulty you have with...
MARK (X) ONE FOR EACH
1. SEEING words or letters in ordinary newsprint (with glasses/contact lenses if you usually wear them)
1 [ ] None 2 [ ] Slight 3 [ ] Moderate 4 [ ] Severe 5 [ ] Unable to Do

2. HEARING what is normally said in conversation with another person (with hearing aid, if you usually wear one)
1 [ ] None 2 [ ] Slight 3 [ ] Moderate 4 [ ] Severe 5 [ ] Unable to Do

3. WALKING without human or mechanical assistance or using stairs
1 [ ] None 2 [ ] Slight 3 [ ] Moderate 4 [ ] Severe 5 [ ] Unable to Do

4. LIFTING or carrying something as heavy as 10 pounds, such as a bag of groceries
1 [ ] None 2 [ ] Slight 3 [ ] Moderate 4 [ ] Severe 5 [ ] Unable to Do

F11.
0 [ ]MARK (X) THIS BOX IF YOU ANSWERED "NONE" TO ALL ACTIVITIES IN F10 AND SKIP TO F13


F12.
What is the earliest age at which you FIRST began experiencing ANY difficulties in any of these areas?
AGE: |___|___| OR 0 [ ] SINCE BIRTH

F13.
In case we need to clarify some of the information you have provided, please list a phone number where you can be reached.
Daytime:
|__|__|__|-|__|__|__|-|__|__|__|__|
Area Code Number
Evening:
|__|__|__|-|__|__|__|-|__|__|__|__|
Area Code Number
E-mail Address: _________________________________________

F14.
Since we are interested in how education and employment change over time, we may be recontacting you in 1999. To help us find you, please provide the name, address, and telephone number of two people who are likely to know where you can be reached. DO NOT INCLUDE SOMEONE WHO LIVES IN YOUR HOUSEHOLD
As with all the information provided in this questionnaire, complete confidentiality will be provided. These people will only be contacted if we cannot find you in 1999
____________________________________________
Name
____________________________________________
Number and Street
_________________________|_______|___________
City/Town State Zip Code
____________________________________________
Country (If outside U.S.)
|___|___|___|-|___|___|___|-|___|___|___|___|
Area Code Number
____________________________________________
Name
____________________________________________
Number and Street
_________________________|_______|___________
City/Town State Zip Code
____________________________________________
Country (If outside U.S.)
|___|___|___|-|___|___|___|-|___|___|___|___|
Area Code Number

F15.
PLEASE TURN TO THE BACK COVER FOR THE LAST QUESTION (F16).

F16.
Is the name and address information on the label the best one for us to use for any future mailings?
1 [ ] Yes
2 [ ] No - Please make name and address changes as needed below. Please print clearly.

Title: ____________ First name: ____________ Middle initial ____ Last name: _______________
Number and street: _________________ Apartment number: ____ City and town: _________ State: ___ ZIP Code: ____

THANK YOU FOR COMPLETING THE QUESTIONNAIRE
Please return the completed form in the envelope provided. If you lose the envelope and want another, call 1-800-327-7508. Our address is:

Survey of Doctorate Recipients
National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago
1525 East 55th Street
Chicago, IL 60615